Biography of C. Lee Giles
Dr. C. Lee Giles is the David Reese Professor at the College of Information Sciences and Technology at the Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA. He is also graduate college Professor of Computer Science and Engineering, courtesy Professor of Supply Chain and Information Systems, and Director of the Intelligent Systems Research Laboratory. He directs the Next Generation CiteSeer, CiteSeerx project and codirects the ChemxSeer project at Penn State. He has been associated with Columbia University, the University of Maryland, University of Pennsylvania, Princeton University, and the University of Trento.
His current research and research group interests are in intelligent information processing systems such as:
- Intelligent cyberinfrastructure and portals with a special
interest in computer and information science, chemistry, materials
medicine, biology and
- Novel web tools, search engines, scientometrics, web search and measurement.
- Scholarly big data: large scale knowledge and information management and extraction, information retrieval, entity disambiguation, metadata extraction, information and data mining, machine learning, digital libraries and web databases, web services and social networks.
- Automated extraction and integration of data and tools for
Science, Technology and Innovation (STI) indicators; data analytics for
- Novel applications and architectures of intelligent information
systems for big data.
- Business and economic models for search and search engines.
His research is or has been supported by NSF, NASA, DARPA,
Microsoft, FAST Search and Transfer, Ford, IBM, Internet Archive,
Alcatel/Lucent, NEC, Raytheon, Smithsonian, US Department of Treasury,
Yahoo. He has
consulted for or been on advisory
boards of NEC, FAST Search and Transfer, PJM,
He and his collaborators, including current and former graduate students, have published over 300 journal and conference papers, book chapters, edited books and proceedings. His work has over 22,000 citations and his h-index is 69, according to Google Scholar, and is one of the top 100 h-indexes in Computer Science. His 2006 coauthored paper in Science proposes a cyberinfrastructure for the historial sciences. His coauthored paper in 2004 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences created an automatic acknowledgement indexing methodology and showed that various funding agencies and individuals in computer and information science are much more acknowledged than others. In 2002, he coauthored the paper "Winners Don't Take All" published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences on how the topic based web does not follow a power law distribution. In 1998, he coauthored a paper published in Science on the size and search engine coverage of the Web that was well cited in the popular press and in 1999 a well received follow-up paper in Nature. Several of his papers have won or been nominated for best paper awards and have been reprinted in edited collections. His research has been highlighted in many places including the Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics (SIAM) news, Wired Magazine, the Wall Street Journal, the Washington Post, the New York Times and Business 2.0.
He has been involved in the creation and development of various
novel search engines and digital libraries. He was one of the creators
of the novel metasearch engines, Inquirus and Inquirus2. He was also
one of the creators
of the popular computer and information science search engine, CiteSeer, an autonomous
citation indexing search engine and digital library, now
hosted at the College of Information
Sciences and Technology at Penn State University. Recently, it has been
replaced by the Next Generation CiteSeer, CiteSeerx. He also
search engine eBizSearch, a
search engine for e-business documents, and, SMEALSearch, a search
and digital library for academic business documents. He is very
interested in cyberinfrastructure for science and the academy and is
currently a codeveloper in the research and development of a portal and
search tool for environmental chemistry, ChemxSeer. He
prototyped a novel search engine for archaeology, ArchSeer, and also
developed a new
search engine for robots.txt, BotSeer,
that indexed over 2 million robots.txt files. Currently, he is working
on collaboration networks, CollabSeer,
and citation recommendation, RefSeer.
Dr. Giles plays an active professional role in scientific and technical and communities. He serves on many related conference program committees and has helped organize many related meetings and workshops. He has given many invited and keynote talks and seminars. He has been or is an advisor and reviewer to USA and other government and university research programs. He has served or is currently serving on the editorial boards of IEEE Intelligent Systems, IEEE Transactions on Knowledge and Data Engineering, Machine Learning Journal, Computational Intelligence and Applications, IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks, Journal of Computational Intelligence in Finance, Journal of Parallel and Distributed Computing, Neural Networks, Neural Computation, and Academic Press.
He is a Fellow of the ACM, a Fellow of the IEEE and a Fellow of the International Neural Network Society, and a member of AAAI and AAAS. He has twice received the IBM Distinguished Faculty Award. He is also a member of Sigma Xi, Tau Beta Pi, and Eta Kappa Nu. His previous positions include a Senior Research Scientist at NEC Research Institute (now NEC Labs), Princeton, NJ; a Program Manager at the Air Force Office of Scientific Research in Washington, D.C.; a research scientist at the Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, D.C.; and an Assistant Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering at Clarkson University, Potsdam, N.Y. During part of his graduate education he was a research engineer at Ford Motor Company's Scientific Research Laboratory. His graduate degrees are from the University of Michigan and the University of Arizona and his undergraduate degrees are from Rhodes College and the University of Tennessee. His academic genealogy includes two Nobel laureates and prominent mathematicians.